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DAMage Report - Character Assassination by Characters -
The Red Hat Lawsuit
Lakota Phillips

Moronic Ox Literary and Cultural Journal - Escape Media Publishers / Open Books                 Advertise your book, CD, or cause in the 'Ox'
Novel Excerpts, Short Stories, Poetry, Multimedia, Current Affairs, Book Reviews, Photo Essays, Visual Arts                Submissions
About the Author:
Lakota Phillips is a writer, poet, painter, photographer, designer, and
illustrator. Born in Europe, she grew up all over the world, including
various parts of the United States, before settling in the southern
United States.

She has had stories printed in women’s magazines and has completed a
paranormal erotic romance novel that is in submission for publication.
A second novel and several short stories are her current works in pro-
gress. She is member of the Red Room Writers, under the guidance of
author Karin Gillespie.  Her paintings are regularly exhibited in the
south and she has won multiple awards for her illustrations.

Lakota is the art correspondent on the award winning DAMage Report
on LAtalkRadio with a weekly spot discussing Arts Issues every Wed-
nesday with host Johnny Dam and his guests.  Her topics are published 
each Wednesday at LakotaPhillips.blogspot.com and on her Facebook.

A huge advocate for the arts, Lakota is actively involved on several arts
boards and committees. 
To contact her: lakotaphillips@gmail.com, http://www.lakotaphillips.blogspot.com http://www.facebook.com/lakotaphillips, and podcasts of the DAMage Report can be downloaded from here: http://www.thedamagereport.tv/podcasts/damagerep.xml
"A Georgia jury has awarded $100,000 to a woman who says she was defamed because a character in the book The Red Hat Club had a mix of her own traits and other false characteristics that depicted her as a promiscuous alcoholic."

At first glance, this seems like a ridiculous lawsuit and potentially disastrous precedence in the publishing world. After all, don't disclaimers at the beginning of books count for anything anymore? And don't a large majority of authors base some parts of their characters on people they know or have encountered? It's called creative inspiration. And typically, while the seed of a character may have a real life prototype, the process of writing as well as the process of characters taking over their own stories, usually carries the character development far away from that initial inspiration.

Hell, I've had a number of writers, poets and songwriters use me as their muse in one way or another for their creative endeavors over the years. And no, they weren't all flattering. Not because the writers intended to insult or "defame" my sterling character (heh), but because the creation itself demanded the direction the story, song, poem, painting took. Even if they depicted me as slutty-mcslut, or dumb as a doornail - I wouldn't SUE them. (Bop them upside the head maybe and exact revenge with my OWN story.) Because... I am cognizant that most people would have no clue who the work was inspired by. And couldn't care less if they did know.

Author Karin Gillespie pointed out if the plaintiff, Ms. Vickie Stewart, was so concerned about being perceived as a slut and alcoholic - why didn't she just lay low? Now she doesn't have to contend with just her friends and former-friends viewing her with speculative glances, but a large portion of the world that WOULD HAVE remained ignorant of her affiliation with the book. And what's so terrible about being a fifty something year old who has the sex appeal to lasso her own harem of boytoys? Hello, I'll have some of what she's got please. (Okay - not really, but it made a good punchline.)

At the heart of this, and one of the reasons the writing industry is concerned, is that it may have created a precedent. Given our lawsuit crazed society, it could spell trouble for authors. Both plaintiffs and defense lawyers say they know of no other successful libel cases in Georgia brought against works of fiction. And there are countless books out there with characters based on real people.

"It’s very common for writers to draw on historical, cultural facts from the world they live in and place them in novels to make them seem as real as possible..." Ruppersburg, a paid expert witness for the defense, said "from the first sentence, the first paragraph of (The Red Hat Club), it presented itself to me as a work of fiction."

As the Romantic Times Book Review remarks: "This case sets a bad precedent. Now anyone with a grudge against an author can claim libel if they see even a semblance of themselves in a work of fiction. Authors will have to worry not just about their characters that ARE based on real people, but accidental resemblances, too."

BUT to take the OTHER side of the issue - the author of The Red Hat Club, Haywood Smith, set herself up to fail.

She not only did incredibly idiotic things such as keeping the names of the character's neighbors the same as Ms. Stewart's, she also included over 35 identifiable traits and incidents that could easily be tied to the plaintiff. In her OWN essay "Creating Memorable Characters" she advises writers to "Borrow from life, then embellish it all you want (disguising the people you use sufficiently to avoid problems, of course)."

Writers DO have to take some responsibilities. Especially if they think there is even the slightest chance that one of their characters might be recognizable by the person who inspired it. And for goddess sake, don't do what Smith did and email a writer friend confessing that the "slut" character in your story is suing you. That was a nice piece of key evidence for the plaintiff.
Lakota Phillips
The Super Late Show
  with host
Graig Dufferson